EGYPT - COMPARATIVE CIVILIZATIONS WEBQUEST: I. Explore: The Development of Pyramids Gallery by Dr. Joyce Tyldesley.
egyptian_pyramids_in_giza_egyp.jpg <http://www.dirjournal.com/info/ten-of-the-most-beautiful-places-of-the-world/>
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/pyramid_gallery.shtml
A. ANSWER THE QUESTIONS ON THE ATTACHED DOCUMENT USING INFORMATION FROM THIS WEBSITES


B. MAKE LIKE a vizier* and try to have a pyramid built from start to finish.
*Define vizier.http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/launch_gms_pyramid_builder.shtml
How well did you do?


II. Explore Mummies Around the World by Doctor Joann Fletcher


mummies_5.jpg<http://rickfine.com/mummies.html>
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/mummies_01.shtml
A. Answer the following questions from the website:
1. What is (likely) the origin of the word mummy?
2. When and where did the first mummy studies start?
3. Were the early mummy studies serious archeological explorations? Explain.
4. Were all ancient Egyptians mummified the same way? Explain.
5. What procedure had to be discovered by the ancient Egyptians in order for them to truly prevent the body from rotting and allowing for true mummification?
6. Where was mummification first used?
7. In what key ways was the Egyptian method of mummification both similar to, and very different from the method used by the Chinchorro of Chile?
8. The article speculates that women may have started the mummification of bodies. What is the justification for this possibility?
9. Why were the Peruvian mummies (by the Chachapoyas) placed in a seated position?
10. What natural process led to the creation of mummies high in the Andes?
11. How do we know these mummies were created intentionally, and were not victims of accidents?
12. What was the religious justification for the Spanish to destroy any mummies they found in their various conquests?
13. What natural environment, other than deserts and glaciers, can naturally mummify a body?
14. Opinion: Of all of the various mummification processes you read about in this article, which one do you find the most strange or interesting?

B. Make a Mummy Game:
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/launch_gms_mummy_maker.shtml


II. EGYPTIAN GODS: Identify the following Gods profiled in the Ancient Egyptian Gods Gallery:


egyptiangods.jpg <http://www.unmuseum.org/mcase.htm>
http://www.bbc.co.uk/history/ancient/egyptians/gods_gallery.shtml
1. Who was the god of craftsmen that the Greeks equated to their god of metalworking?
2. Who were Atum, Khepri and Horakhty?
3. Who was the patron God of embalmers?
4. This god was represented on earth by the living ruler of the time (the pharaoh). Who was he?
5. This God was not the Sun God exactly; he was the sun disk...the essence of the divine made visible. Who was he?
6. This goddess was a symbol of motherhood and fertility - who was she? Speculate as to why might she have been depicted as a cow or at least cow-headed?
7. This goddess had more followers than any other divine mother until the Virgin Mary. Who was she?
8. The Greeks identified this Moon God with Hermes the messenger god. They did this possibly because this Moon God was also the inventor of writing and acted as a scribe for the gods. Who was he? What is an Ibis?
9. Why might the Greeks have made the connection between this goddess, and that of Artemis, the divine huntress?
10. This god was identified with the ram and the goose - who was he?

11. Who was the god and judge of the underworld? What is a possible connection between that and his other roles as god of resurrection, inundation and vegetation?